Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.

The midst of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was directed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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