The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Wien U-Bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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