Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.

The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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