The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been directed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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