The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna underground.
The Middle of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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