People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna underground.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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