Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna u bahn map.

The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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