Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Plan Wien.

The center of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was directed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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