Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna underground map.

The Middle of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was directed at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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